Flexible Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing with Sensory Testing FEESST®
Who is a Candidate
How it is Performed
Contact Us


Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1999 Aug;108(8):725-30

Laryngopharyngeal sensory discrimination testing and the laryngeal adductor reflex.

Aviv JE, Martin JH, Kim T, Sacco RL, Thomson JE, Diamond B, Close LG
Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, The New York Presbyterian Hospital, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA.

Laryngopharyngeal sensory capacity has been determined by endoscopically administering air pulse stimuli to the mucosa innervated by the superior laryngeal nerve and asking the patient if he or she feels the stimulus. A potential shortcoming of this psychophysical testing (PT) procedure is that it is a subjective test, and patients with impaired cognition may not be able to perform the required task. In the search for an objective measure of laryngeal sensory function, we have observed that the laryngeal adductor reflex (LAR) is evoked at stimulus intensities similar to those capable of eliciting the psychophysical, or perceptual, response. The purpose of this study is to determine if the threshold for eliciting the LAR is the same as that of the sensory threshold. A specially designed endoscope was used to present air pulse stimuli (range 0.0 to 10 mm Hg) to the laryngopharynx in 20 healthy subjects and in 80 patients with dysphagia, using both PT and the LAR. The patients had a variety of underlying diagnoses, with stroke and chronic neurologic disease predominating (n = 65). In the control group and in the group of patients with dysphagia, there was no statistically significant difference between the median laryngopharyngeal sensory thresholds whether we used PT or the LAR (p>.05, Wilcoxon signed-rank test). The intraclass correlation for the total sample was .999 (U = .999, L = .998). Since psychophysical and sensorimotor reflex thresholds were not statistically significantly different and the intraclass correlation was close to a perfect correlation, we conclude that the LAR can be used as an objective and accurate clinical method of endoscopically assessing laryngopharyngeal sensory capacity.

Publication Types:

  • Clinical trial
  • Controlled clinical trial

PMID: 10453777, UI: 99381580

« Back to listing